The Romanian cartoonist Gheorghita Ghinea - URIASU (the giant) passed away at the age of 52 of heart attack on 28 October 2008. He lived and worked in Plopeni, a city near Ploiesti. He was an excellent press cartoonist and a painter. He published over 7,000 cartoons in several newspapers and magazines and he won many prizes in competitions. In 2008 he was awarded with the Prize for Cartoon of the Romanian Press Club, the biggest recognition of a press cartoonist in the country.
This report by Florian-Doru Crihana email@example.com
Worrying signs of deep crisis in the "new" cartoon appeared in recent years. The main feature is the emergence of a large number of cartoons-clones or "secondary" cartoons. There were discussions, which of the "secondary" cartoons can be considered plagiarism, and which simply random coincidence. Plagiarism in the art can take a simple theft. Frequent cases matches are characteristic sign of the crisis in the "new" cartoon.
One indicator of the crisis in the "new" cartoons is discontinuing the Yomiuri International Cartoon Contest. Officially announced, that "contest has already made a significant contribution to the development of manga culture since it started in 1979. During its history of more than a quarter century, the number of cartoon entries received totalled 289,554." Two years before the closure of the contest in the newspaper Yomiuri Shimbun were published the article "Yomiuri International Cartoon Contest: New perspective may lead to fresh ideas" by Professor Masashi Ueda.
The article stated that more and more artists send to the competition cartoons such as those who previously had success. However, the author pointed out, one of the cartoons submitted for the competition, proved so unusual, grotesque, almost all members of the jury voted for awarding the author of Gold Prize of Free Event-Section. In the cartoon, monkeys hang from trees by their hands, while a man hangs from a tree by his brain. The author concluded that "this may reflect our belief that Yomiuri International Cartoon Contest is entering an era of change. I think the contest will receive more cartoons that include free and fresh ideas". But after two years this contest came to an end.
To speak convincingly about the crisis of "new" cartoons, will try to analyse the "essential" characteristics of cartoons. Cartoon can be seen in terms of visual images, which built its "semantic content". Interesting are also the philosophical, social and other messages that the audience receives by this cartoon. You can also consider methods that were used in the process of creating "comical effect" of the cartoons.
Let’s consider the imaging world of "new" cartoons. "Semantic content" of most cartoons based on the usual for spectators images, at the same time, "convenient" for the creation of "comic effects". Thus are the literary heroes (Don Quixote.), heroes of animation and cinema (Mickey Mouse., Charlie Chaplin.), paintings (Mona Lisa.), architectural structures (Tower of Pisa.) and many others. In addition, there are also stereotypical situations, such as man on desert island, man in the desert, a lover in the cupboard. And here it is necessary to notice that the number of "convenient" to create a cartoon images are not infinitely.
Each cartoon bears a certain message to the spectator. Quite often such messages are based on current information. For example, currently "fashionable" topics for cartoonists are the threat of terrorism in the world, global warming, etc.
The creative process of establishing a "semantic content" of cartoon is subordinated to the certain laws. The act of creation studied well enough (Koestler, A. 1964). For example, there is a two-stage model for the appreciation of jokes and cartoons (Suls, J. 1972). Very interesting is An Affordance Theory Analysis of Cartoon Humor by Dean H. Owen (1988). Basic concepts of conceptual integration theory (Fauconnier & Turner, 1994; 1998) include mental spaces, frames, or cultural models, and mappings. The research by Alan F. Blackwell and T.R.G. Green (1999) suggests that graphical metaphor should increase the usability of visual programming languages by providing an instructional aid when learning to use the language. General Theory of Verbal Humor by S. Attardo and V. Raskin (1991) means joke similarity. We can use the main ideas of this great theory for cartoon art with success, etc. Methods for creating cartoons are fairly universal.
During the development of art of a "new" cartoon have been created "primary" works. Combinations of the above elements of creative processes such as images, methods and messages lead to creation by beginner cartoonists "secondary" works. First of all this concerned creativity of artists from China, Iran, Indonesia and others, where "new" cartoon originated relatively recently.
Does this mean that the crisis in the art of cartooning will go deeper? And are there a ways out of crisis? Of course there is. As noted by Professor Masashi Ueda, "New perspective may lead to fresh ideas". Attempts to create new images in cartoons, the original messages, embodied in the cartoons, the search of unusual methods of creating of "comic effects" may allow other ways the development of "new" cartoons.
(Source: Yeni Akrep (New Scorpion) October 2008 Issue: 74)
THE GOLDEN SMILE – Accompanying exhibition-contest – BELGRADE 2008
The 6th International Biennial of Caricature, December, 2008
Theme of the exhibition: TRADITION AND PROGRESS
Accompanying exhibition-contest: portrait caricature of Branislav Nušić (1864-1938), famous Serbian comedy writer in occasion of jubileum of writers death. The best caricature will be awarded by a Special prize and diploma.
Deadline: November, 10th, 2008.
ULUPUDS (»The Golden Smile«)
Terazije 26/II, 11000 Beograd, Serbia
(To avoid custom problems, please write DOCUMENT, NO VALUE on the envelope)
or by e-mail:
(JPG 300 dpi, max. A4)
For all the further information please contact
ULUPUDS, Tel/fax: +381 11 268 57 80
e-mail: http://firstname.lastname@example.org or http://email@example.com
ULUPUDS web presentation: http://www.ulupuds.org.rs/
Dachuan Xia - China
Navid Sharifi - Iran
Paulo Volmar Mattos - Brazil
Emre Ozdemir - Turkey
Agim Sulaj - Albania
Ares - Cuba
Carlos David - Cuba
Mohammad Amin Aghaei - Iran
1. Prize: Miroslav Bartak (Czech rep.)
3. Prize: Lubomir Lichy (Czech rep.)
Gustav Gusttavo Olivera (Brazil)
Igor Sevcik Prize(Best graphic cartoon): Angel Boligan (Mexico).
The 1st prize winner: Volmar Mattos Vilanova (Brazil)
The 2nd prize winner: Hicabi Demirci (Turkey)
The 3rd prize winner: Omer Cam (Turkey)
The juries prize: Naser Moghadam (Iran)
- Mohsen Asadi (Iran)
- Fardin Mirzaeyan (Iran) (Also the winner of the Tabriz cartoon museum's special prize)
- Jamal Rahmati (Iran)
- Valentin Druzhinin (Russia)
- Abas Ryazi (Iran)
- Dragostinov (Bulgaria)
- Vladimir Kazanevsky (Russia)
- Abas Naseri (Iran)
- Onder Onerbay (Turkey)
- Jaber Asadi (Iran) (Also the winner of the Iran cartoon house's special prize)
Honorable mentions :
- Oleg Loktyev (Russia)
- Shirin GholiPour (Iran)
- Zhu Cheng (China)
- Parisa HosseinZadeh (Iran)
- Atila Ozer (Turkey)
- Mohammad Ali Khaleji (Iran)
- Spiro Radulovic (Serbia)
- Mahdiyeh Sabaghkar (Iran)
- Umit Mufit (Turkey)
- Makhmudjon Eshonkulov (Uzbekistan)
- Anneke Van Steijn (The Netherlands).
On-line voting for the PortoCartoon 2008 until 31st December
We are very pleased to inform you that is open the on-line voting for the PortoCartoon 2008 .
The public can choose its favourite cartoon, independently of the choice of the jury of this festival. People all around the world can vote in the Cartoon Virtual Museum (http://www.cartoonvirtualmuseum.org/f_portocartoon_2008_vote.htm).
42 artists are in contest, and each cartoon can be seen in detail.
The candidates are the awarded, the honourable mentions and the finalist ones of the 10th PortoCartoon-World Festival.
The voting is open on the Portuguese Printing Press Museum and on the Cartoon Virtual Museum until 31st December.
Your vote is very important for the better decision!
With my very best regards
Luís Humberto Marcos
(The author with more votes from the public will be invited for an individual exhibition in 2009)
1.The works must reflect ideas related to the subject of Global Warming.
Three Equivalent Prizes:
Pawel Kuczynski - Poland
Bartlomiej Bielniak - Poland
Jacek Lanckoronski - Poland
Iwan Anchukov - Russia
Igor Nikitin - Russia
Jurij Kosobukin - Ukraine
Vladimir Kazanevsky - Ukraine
Marek Gliwa - Poland
Special Prize of "Ornament" Company:
Wiktor Goriaczko - Poland
Miroslaw Hajnos - Chairman
First prize: ANDREA ANDOLINA - Italy
Second prize: MAURO SACCO & ELISA VALLARINO - Italy
Third prize: ANGELA GRANZOTTO - Italy
ALI SHAH ALI - U.S.A.
LARA FONTANA - Italy
MICHELA ROFFARE - Italy
VERONICA POZZI - Italy
MENTIONED OUT OF THE COMPETITION 2008:
ALEXANDER UMYAROV - Russia
IGNAT MIHAI - Romania
UMIT MUFIT DINCAY - Turkey (See below).
22 cartoonists with 34 works are taking part in this exhibition.
The collective exhibition of cartoons by Iranian women cartoonists is open until October 19, 2008.
Ardeshir Mohassess (also spelt Ardashir Mohases, born on 9 September 1938 in Rasht died 9 October 2008 in New York) was an Iranian illustrator and cartoonist, residing in New York.
IRANCARTOON had Mohasses’s biography in their site as follows:
Ardeshir started his work as a child, drawing the characters from his mother's bedside stories. Today he is not only a prolific Iranian graphic artist, but also one of the most distinguished artists in this field.
Ardeshir was born in 1938 in Rasht in the northwest of Iran. His mother was a poetess and his father was a judge. After receiving his degrees in political science and law from the University of Tehran, he began working with Iranian and international newspapers and magazines, such as Keyhan, Ettelaat, Ayandegan, Ferdousi, The New York Times, Harpers, Jeune Afrique, and Nation.
His work has been featured in leading art magazines, such as Agraphis, Graphic Design, Graphic & Communication Arts, and he has had numerous one-man art shows in Iran, Europe, and the United States. Recently a collection of his works was purchased by the Library of the U.S. Congress to be presented in a show in the near future.
Ardeshir works constantly. He takes his pen and paper everywhere he goes – even to the movie theater, nightclubs, or when he goes to see a circus. The people and daily events are a powerful source of inspiration for his works.
I begin the morning looking at and making sketches from old pictures and photos, Persian miniatures, and old Iranian religious paintings that are full of scenes of beheadings, spears, and scimitars that drip blood on the flowers and grass on the hills in the background. I end the day drawing people in cafes, cabarets, and music halls, dancers and acrobats leaping and jumping.
I arrange my characters in the manner of the colored lights strung above the shops and streets of Iran during the festivals and religious celebrations. If a work requires color, I use the same colors that once decorated the handles of the old meat cleavers and carcasses of lambs in butcher shops.
While I'm drawing, everything I've read or heard goes around in my head. Sometimes I recall an anecdote of the famous poet of Iran, Ahmad Shamlou, related to me. It seems an Arab general, noted for his incredible strength in wielding a sword, could strike with such speed that his victims continued to fight without realizing that they were sliced in half. The general would call out to them, "If you're a man, move!" When they did, they fell into two pieces. Whenever I am involved with a drawing that isn't going the way it should and one of the characters isn't doing what I want him to, I lift my pen from the paper and say softly, "If you’re a man, move."(http://www.irancartoon.ir/artists/categories.php?cat_id=109 )
In his essay “The pen is mightier”, Arsalan Mohammad writes:
... it is Mohasses’s deep-seated insecurity about himself that informs the characteristic perspective of his work – the constant identification with the underdog, the distorted characters, the bitter worldview. While there is a grim humour to many of Mohasses’s pieces, it comes at a price – real flickers of hope, of affirmation or positivity barely come through from his pen and ink pieces. Only in the colour paintings, produced at various phases of his career, do we see a redemption of sorts, through the vivid colours and fleshed-out forms....
Read the complete article at: http://www.thenational.ae/article/20080922/ART/210480103/1007/rss
See Ardeshir Mohasses's illustrations & sketches at: http://www.irancartoon.com/100/mohases/index00.htm
This contest is open to anybody aged at least 18. By the simple fact of participating, all contestants accept the conditions and provisions of these regulations and agree to abide by the decisions of the jury. There will be no correspondence about this competition. The Belgian law is applied as far as the tax on the prizes awarded to foreign participants is concerned.
A cartoon is a humoristic drawing. It could be, for instance, a caricature of a famous person, a parody of a real situation or simply a sketch of a comical situation. The cartoon may be a single image or in the form of a short strip. The cartoon may be static (drawn) or moving (computer animated).
3. THEME: NO THEME (free)
a. original drawn cartoons: maximum 5 submissions.
What? black and white or colour. The cartoons may not be accompanied by text. Drawings may also be made digitally and submitted on CD-ROM. They may not have been exhibited in Belgium or awarded a prize abroad. They should be packed flat and unfolded.
How? Dimensions: min. 21 x 30 cm - max. 40 x 60 cm. When submitted on a CD-ROM, the cartoon should be in A4 or A3 format at a resolution of 300 dpi in TIFF format. Works behind glass, framed or mounted with other materials will not be accepted.
b. animated, moving cartoons: maximum 3 animated cartoons with a maximum duration of 15 minutes per animated cartoon.
How? Animations should be submitted on a DVD (PAL). Submissions are not accepted via URL (YouTube, MySpace, Google Video or Quicktime uploads). No demo versions, only the complete cartoon. Works should be in Dutch or English or with subtitles in either of these languages.
c. The entrant guarantees the originality of his/her works. Disputes and potential claims in relation to all forms of plagiarism, etc. are the sole liability of the entrant.
5. ENTRY FORM
Your participation will only be taken into account if your entry form carries your date of birth as well as your signature. Every cartoon must state the surname and first name of the author on the back. Postage must be paid by the participants.
6. PROPERTY RIGHTS
By the mere fact of taking part in the contest, the participants empower the organizing association to make use of their entries for promotional purposes on behalf of the “International Cartoon festival” and the seaside resort of Knokke-Heist (cartoon book, catalogue, publicity in the press and other media, posters, folders, calendar, official gifts by the local authorities and/or the festival’s organizers, etc.)
Among the entries, a jury makes a selection for the exhibition and appoints the prize-winners.
8. ADMISSION TO THE EXHIBITION
Upon presentation of the receipt of their entries, all contestants will be admitted to the exhibition without charge.
9. PROPERTY OF THE ORGANIZING ASSOCIATION
All award-winning entries will become property of the organizing association. The organizing association will have the option to retain one drawing at the most of every contestant whose work was selected. Article 6. will be applicable.
10. CATALOGUE / CARTOONBOOK
In cooperation with the “Davidsfonds Leuven” a catalogue / cartoon book will be edited according to the technical and financial means. Selected participants are entitled to one catalogue.
11. RETURN MAIL
As from this year cartoons will only be returned if this has been indicated on the registration form. The charges for returning such works as will not become the property of the organizing association will be borne by the latter. The organizers will endeavour to handle the return with the utmost care but cannot be held responsible for loss or damages. CD-ROMs and DVD’s are never returned.
Golden Hat + 3.500 €
Silver Hat + 2.000 €
Bronze Hat + 1.250 €
Knack Cartoon Award 500 €
Publics Prize 500 €
+ flight and hotel accomodation in Knokke-Heist during openingsweekend
EXHIBITION: 28.06.2009 - 27.09.2009
Address: Cultuurcentrum Knokke-Heist vzw Meerlaan, 32, B-8300, Knokke-Heist BELGIUM
Tel: +32.50.630.430 Fax:+32.50.630.429
TOPIC - "TOY"
2. WRITTEN FORM (short story, poem, aphorism)
1. CARTOON - Minimum A4 (210 x 297 mm), Maximum A3 (297 x 420 mm), free technique
2. WRITTEN FORM - maximum two typed pages
3. COMIC - original, up to eight tables, free technique
The Jury will award one category each and select five best participants in all three categories to attend Master Class within 15th to 17st January 2009 in Krusevac. Lecturers will be prominent authors.
Works to be signed in full name, family name, address, contact phone and e-mail.
Written works to be send exclusively under a code.
All woks to be properly packed and sent to:
KULTURNI CENTAR KRUSEVAC
MEDJUNARODNI KONKURS ZA MLADE
TOPLICINA br. 2, 37 000 KRUSEVAC, SRBIJA
TEL/FAX: + 381 (37) 423 025, 28 983
The authors will be informed on awards on December 1st, 2008. The Organizer will bear travel and accommodation cost of awarded authors. Festival official languages are Serbian and English.
DEADLINE: November 20th, 2008.
2. WRITTEN FORM
- Short story
1. CARTOON: ORIGINAL, MIN. A4 (210x297 mm), MAX A3 (297x420 mm), TECHNIQUE FREE
2. WRITTEN FORM: MAXIMUM TWO TYPED PAGES OR UP TO 20 APHORISMS
1ST AWARD: PLAQUE *GOLDEN HELMET* ...........1500 €
2ND AWARD ............................................................ 1000 €
3RD AWARD ............................................................. 700 €
SHORT STORY: PLAQUE *GOLDEN HELMET* ......... 500 €
POEM: PLAQUE *GOLDEN HELMET*........................ 500 €
APHORISM: PLAQUE *GOLDEN HELMET* ............... 500 €
DEADLINE: 20.11. 2008.
Only unpublished works will be taken into consideration. Author's short biography, phone number and e-mail addres are obligatory.
Written works to be sent under a code!
Jury decision will be announced on 01.12. 2008.
Awards will be handed at Final Festival Evening on April 1. 2009. The Organizer will bear travel and accommodation cost of awarded authors. Festival official langauges are Serbian and English.
All works remain property of the Festival.
CULTURAL CENTER - KRUSEVAC, INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL OF HUMOUR AND SATIRE ,,GOLDEN HELMET", TOPLICINA 2, 37000 KRUSEVAC, SERBIA
TEL/FAX: +381 (37) 423 025
e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org ; email@example.com
1. Theme: EVE and SPORTS Women and sports: female athletes, female supporters, women who hate
2. The number
2. The number of entries is limited until 5. They shall not have been exhibited or published before.
3. The works have to be sent to the following address:
SPORTIMONIUM, Bloso-domein, for the attention of Kelly Van Laethem, Trianondreef 19, 1981 Hofstade-Zemst (Belgium).
4. The drawings shall have the following dimensions: 210 x 297 mm (DIN A4). The works shall not be provided by a passe-partout, neither be stuck on larger paper. The drawing must mention, on the reverse, the surname, Christian name and address of the participant. The drawings shall not mention subtitles.
5. By virtue of their participation, the participants authorize the organizers to publish some of their works that they have received.
6. The following prizes are foreseen:
1st place: 600 EURO 2nd place: 400 EURO 3rd place: 250 EURO.
7. The prize of public: 150 EURO.
8. By participating the participant lends his works to the organizers for exhibitions. The works received will remain at the disposal of the organizers during one year until August 2011.
9. The entries will only be sent back by the organizers on receiving a written request. The awarded works will become the property of the organizers.
10. Entry till 30 March 2009.
11. Exhibition: 3rd July - 30th August 2009. Opening Friday, 2nd July 2009 at 8 pm.
He was born in 1965, Holguín, Cuba, graphic artist, illustrator, designer. He graduated in English language, graduated from various courses for drawing, art, tourism, informatics. He is a member of a couple of associations. In order brochures, promotional materials, visual identity, logos, slogans, web pages, multimedia, presentations, all kinds of marketing in digital form or printanom - his clients are renowned companies, hotels. Participated in different festivals. He had 8 independent and 16 group exhibitions, all in Cuba.
As each month in the Gallery we open exhibitions of the world-known cartoonists and the same opening embellish young people well-known from their circle of activity.
So this time we have had Marina Ban, flute, student of Academy of Art in Osijek and Dunja Paprić, clarinet, the state champion in the discipline clarinet, schoolgirl on a forth year of Music school Franjo Kuhac in Osijek.
The exhibition was opened by a young and successful Ana Zvonar, a student at the Economy University, Osijek.
The Organizing Committee of the 7th LM International Cartoon Contest invites cartoonists from all over the world to participate in this contest. Beautiful tableaus, lovely sculpting, humorous content and rich sentiment are the criterion of China LM International Cartoon Contest to award prize every year.
1. THEME: Free (Humorous)
2. THE WORKS FOR THE CONTEST:
3. THE WORKS SHOULD BE SENT TO:
4. WEB: http://www.googlm.com/ E-MAIL: firstname.lastname@example.org
5. DEADLINE: December 22, 2008 (The late works will be accepted as the entries for the 8th LM International Cartoon Contest)
6. FREQUENCY: Annual
7. JURY: The group of judges consists of the organizer, cartoonists, Editor and art scholars. Participants are not allowed to raise any objections to judge determinations.
7. THE PRIZES:
8. THE RESULTS AND EXHIBITIONS:
9. RIGHTS OF THE ORGANIZER:
By Nabi Abdullaev
Yefimov, born Fridland in Kiev in 1900, published his first cartoon, a caricature mocking the White Army General Anton Denikin in 1918, after his elder brother, journalist Mikhail Koltsov, suggested that he start drawing.
From 1922, Yefimov regularly published his cartoons in Pravda and Izvestia newspapers and in the satirical magazine Krokodil. Curiously, Yefimov’s latest job was with Izvestia: On his 107th birthday, he was appointed the newspaper’s chief artist.
Yefimov succeeded in drawing enemies of the Soviet state — first, the top German Nazi officials and particularly Adolf Hitler, whom he drew with a swastika under a sharp nose, and then, during the Cold War, portraying American and British politicians as plump villains with sagging cheeks...
Read the complete obituary
Due to this situation and result the awards of the above mentioned cartoonists had been cancelled. The cartoonists cartoons which had the highest scores, in the evaluation minutes of the Committee after the above mentioned cartoonists, are decided to get the awards, instead.
The final and definite result of the contest is as follows:
Second Prize: Vladimir Stankovski (Serbia)
Third Prize: Atilla Ozer (Turkey)
Muammer Kotbaş (Turkey)
Igor Vartchenko (Cyprus)
Shirin Gholipoov (Iran)
Yuri Manaev (Russia)
Paolo Dalponte (Italy)
Heidi Trautmann (North Cyprus).
MUNICIPALITY OF GIRNE
CYPRIOT-TURKISH CARTOONISTS ASSOCIATION
See more prize-winning cartoons on
Theme: Feeding & Education (2000 years Men & Education)
Number of works: Max. 7 works. Each entry must state the name and address of the author on the verso of the drawing.
Originals as well as computer prints, screen prints or good quality copies are welcome. Originals will be sent back on request.
Size: Maximum A4 (19 x 28 cm)
First Prize: € 1000 + trophy
Secon Prize: € 750 + trophy
Third Prize: € 500 + trophy
Public Award: € 250 + certificate
FECO Award: € 250 + trophy
TULIP Award: € 250 + trophy
KEVER Award: € 250 + certificate
4 Special Mentions: certificate
Markiezen Award 2009
The works received will be insured by the organizers, equal to the value indicated by the cartoonist on the entry-form. If the value of the cartoon is not indicated, the works will be insured for € 40 Euro each.
Selected cartoonists will receive a free sample of the catalogue.
Regulations & Entry Form
Deadline: December 31, 2008
Address: 16th DUTCH CARTOONFESTIVAL, POSTBOX 2180, 1180 ED AMSTELVEEN, The NETHERLANDS